Allergies

Allergies are a common health issue where the body’s immune system reacts to substances that are usually harmless. These substances, known as allergens, can include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, certain foods, insect venom, or medications. When someone with allergies comes into contact with an allergen, their immune system may overreact, leading to symptoms such as sneezing, itching, watery eyes, runny nose, skin rashes, or in severe cases, anaphylaxis, which is a life-threatening reaction.

Allergies can develop at any age and may be influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Diagnosis often involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and allergy testing such as skin prick tests or blood tests. Treatment options for allergies include avoiding known allergens, medications like antihistamines or decongestants to relieve symptoms, allergy shots (immunotherapy) for long-term management, and in severe cases, emergency epinephrine injections for anaphylaxis.

Managing allergies effectively typically involves identifying triggers, taking preventive measures, and working closely with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan.

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