Arthritis refers to inflammation of one or more joints in the body, resulting in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement. There are many types of arthritis, with the two most common being osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common form of arthritis, often occurring as a result of wear and tear on the joints over time. It typically affects older individuals and can cause pain and stiffness, particularly in weight-bearing joints like the knees, hips, and spine.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joints, leading to inflammation, pain, and eventually joint damage. Rheumatoid arthritis can affect people of any age and often involves multiple joints, particularly those in the hands, wrists, and feet.

Other types of arthritis include gout, lupus arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, among others. Each type has its own distinct causes, symptoms, and treatments.

Treatment for arthritis aims to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, improve joint function, and prevent further damage. This may include medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and biologic agents. Physical therapy, exercise, lifestyle modifications, and sometimes surgery may also be recommended depending on the severity and type of arthritis.

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