Cervical Cancer treatment

Treatment for cervical cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and their preferences. Here are the main treatment options for cervical cancer:

Surgery: Surgical options for cervical cancer include:

Conization (Cone Biopsy): Removing a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix. This is often done for small, early-stage tumors or to diagnose cervical cancer.
Radical Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus, cervix, nearby lymph nodes, and part of the vagina. This is an option for early-stage cervical cancer in women who wish to preserve fertility.
Trachelectomy: Removal of the cervix while preserving the uterus. This is an option for women with early-stage cervical cancer who want to maintain their fertility.
Pelvic Exenteration: Removal of the uterus, cervix, vagina, nearby lymph nodes, and other nearby organs such as the bladder or rectum. This is a more extensive surgery reserved for advanced cervical cancer.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. It can be used alone or in combination with other treatments. Types of radiation therapy for cervical cancer include:

External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT): Radiation is delivered from outside the body to the pelvic area.
Brachytherapy: Radioactive sources are placed directly into or near the tumor inside the body. This can be given alone or in combination with EBRT.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs can be used to kill cancer cells or make them more sensitive to radiation therapy. Chemotherapy can be given before or after surgery, along with radiation therapy, or as the primary treatment for advanced cervical cancer.

Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy drugs work by targeting specific abnormalities in cancer cells. For cervical cancer, drugs that target the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) may be used in combination with chemotherapy.

Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy drugs, such as pembrolizumab or nivolumab, may be used in certain cases of advanced cervical cancer. These drugs work by helping the body’s immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.

Treatment decisions are made based on the stage of the cancer, the patient’s overall health, and their preferences. It’s essential for patients to discuss their options thoroughly with their healthcare team to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for their individual situation.

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