Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women and can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system if left untreated. In women, chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can cause infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain. In men, it can cause urethritis, inflammation of the tube that carries urine from the bladder, and other complications.

Chlamydia is often asymptomatic, meaning many people infected with it do not experience any symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can include painful urination, abnormal vaginal or penile discharge, abdominal pain, and genital itching or burning.

Chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics. It’s important for sexually active individuals to get tested regularly for STIs, including chlamydia, especially if they have multiple sexual partners or engage in unprotected sex. Safer sex practices, such as using condoms, can also help prevent the transmission of chlamydia and other STIs.

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