Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women and can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected partner.

Chlamydia often doesn’t cause any symptoms, especially in women, which can make it difficult to detect without testing. When symptoms do occur, they can include abnormal genital discharge, burning sensation during urination, pain or swelling in the genitals, and in some cases, lower abdominal pain in women.

If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause infertility or increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated chlamydia can lead to epididymitis, which is inflammation of the tube that carries sperm from the testicles, and potentially infertility.

Chlamydia can be easily treated with antibiotics. It’s important for sexually active individuals to get tested regularly for STIs, including chlamydia, and to practice safe sex to prevent transmission.

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