Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a type of herpesvirus that infects human beings. It is one of the most common human viruses and is best known for causing infectious mononucleosis, a disease commonly referred to as “mono” or “the kissing disease.”
EBV is primarily transmitted through contact with saliva, such as through kissing or sharing utensils, but it can also be spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants. Once the virus enters the body, it can remain inactive for long periods of time.
While most people who become infected with EBV have no symptoms, some develop mono, which is characterized by fatigue, fever, sore throat, swollen glands, and other flu-like symptoms. Mono can last for several weeks, and there is no specific treatment for the virus.
EBV is also associated with several types of cancer, including Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. While EBV is not the sole cause of these cancers, it is thought to play a role in their development.
There is currently no vaccine to prevent EBV infection, but the risk of transmission can be reduced by avoiding contact with saliva and other bodily fluids of infected individuals.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of the herpesvirus family and is one of the most common human viruses. It is the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis, also known as “mono” or “the kissing disease.”
EBV is transmitted through contact with saliva, such as kissing, or through sharing of utensils, food, or drinks with an infected person. Most people are infected with EBV at some point in their lives, but many never develop symptoms.
Symptoms of mono can include fatigue, fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and swollen tonsils. These symptoms can last for several weeks. In rare cases, complications such as an enlarged spleen or liver can occur.
EBV has also been associated with several other diseases, including some types of cancer such as Burkitt’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
There is no specific treatment for EBV, but symptoms can be managed with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers. In cases of severe mono, hospitalization may be required. There is no vaccine for EBV, so prevention relies on avoiding close contact with infected individuals and practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently.