Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can infect both men and women and can spread through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected partner. Gonorrhea can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth.

Symptoms of gonorrhea may include:

  1. Painful or burning sensation during urination
  2. Increased vaginal discharge in women
  3. Discharge from the penis in men
  4. Painful or swollen testicles in men
  5. Painful bowel movements in cases of rectal infection
  6. Sore throat in cases of oral infection

However, it’s important to note that many people with gonorrhea may not experience any symptoms, especially in the early stages of infection. If left untreated, gonorrhea can lead to serious complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, infertility, and an increased risk of HIV transmission.

Gonorrhea is typically diagnosed through laboratory testing of urine, swab samples from the genital area, or other infected sites. Treatment usually involves antibiotics, although antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea have become more common in recent years, making treatment more challenging.

Prevention of gonorrhea includes practicing safe sex by using condoms consistently and correctly, limiting the number of sexual partners, and getting tested regularly for STIs, especially if you’re sexually active with multiple partners. If you suspect you have gonorrhea or have been exposed to it, it’s important to see a healthcare provider for testing and treatment.

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