Heart Disease

Heart disease refers to a range of conditions that affect the heart. It’s often used interchangeably with cardiovascular disease, which generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina), or stroke. Common types of heart disease include coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and heart valve problems.

Risk factors for heart disease include:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. High cholesterol
  3. Smoking
  4. Diabetes
  5. Obesity
  6. Poor diet
  7. Lack of physical activity
  8. Excessive alcohol consumption
  9. Stress
  10. Age (risk increases with age)

Preventive measures for heart disease include maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet low in saturated fats, not smoking, managing stress, and controlling conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider are also important for early detection and management of risk factors. Treatment for heart disease varies depending on the specific condition but may include lifestyle changes, medications, procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery, or devices like pacemakers or implantable defibrillators.

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