Hypertension in pregnancy

Hypertension in pregnancy is a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy. It can occur in various forms, including:

Gestational hypertension: High blood pressure that develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It typically resolves after delivery and does not show any signs of proteinuria (protein in the urine) or other organ dysfunction.

Preeclampsia: This is a serious condition characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. Proteinuria is a common feature. Preeclampsia usually develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy and can lead to complications for both the mother and the baby if left untreated.

Chronic hypertension: High blood pressure that was present before pregnancy or that develops before 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia: This occurs in women with chronic hypertension who develop worsening high blood pressure along with signs of preeclampsia, such as proteinuria or other organ dysfunction.

Hypertension during pregnancy can have serious implications for both the mother and the baby. It can increase the risk of complications such as preterm birth, low birth weight, placental abruption, and maternal organ damage. Management typically involves close monitoring of blood pressure, fetal well-being, and, depending on the severity, may include medication and early delivery to prevent complications. Regular prenatal care and monitoring are essential for the early detection and management of hypertension in pregnancy.

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