OBESITY

Obesity is a medical condition characterized by excessive accumulation of body fat to the extent that it may have adverse effects on health. It is typically determined by calculating the body mass index (BMI), which is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of their height in meters. A BMI of 30 or higher is generally considered obese.

Obesity can result from a combination of genetic, environmental, psychological, and behavioral factors. Factors such as unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary lifestyle, genetic predisposition, certain medical conditions, medications, and socioeconomic factors can contribute to the development of obesity.

Obesity is associated with a wide range of health problems, including:

  1. Cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke.
  2. Type 2 diabetes.
  3. High blood pressure (hypertension).
  4. Certain types of cancer, such as breast, colon, and endometrial cancer.
  5. Sleep apnea and other respiratory problems.
  6. Osteoarthritis.
  7. Fatty liver disease.
  8. Mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.

Addressing obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle modifications, including adopting a healthy diet, increasing physical activity levels, and behavior changes. In some cases, medical interventions such as medication or surgery may be recommended, particularly for individuals with severe obesity or obesity-related health complications.

Prevention efforts often focus on promoting healthy eating habits, encouraging regular physical activity, and creating environments that support healthy behaviors. Additionally, addressing social determinants of health, such as access to nutritious food and opportunities for physical activity, can help prevent obesity on a population level.

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