Stomach Cancer treatment


Treatment for stomach cancer (gastric cancer) depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the location of the tumor, the patient’s overall health, and their preferences. Here are the main treatment options for stomach cancer:

  1. Surgery: Surgical options for stomach cancer may include:
    • Partial Gastrectomy: Removal of part of the stomach containing the tumor.
    • Total Gastrectomy: Removal of the entire stomach.
    • Lymphadenectomy: Removal of nearby lymph nodes to check for cancer spread.
  2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs can be used to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Chemotherapy may be given before surgery (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) to shrink the tumor, after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy) to kill any remaining cancer cells, or as the primary treatment for advanced stomach cancer.
  3. Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. It may be used before surgery to shrink the tumor, after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells, or to relieve symptoms in advanced stomach cancer.
  4. Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy drugs work by targeting specific abnormalities in cancer cells. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is a targeted therapy drug that targets HER2-positive stomach cancer, which accounts for a small percentage of cases.
  5. Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy drugs, such as pembrolizumab or nivolumab, may be used in certain cases of advanced stomach cancer. These drugs work by helping the body’s immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.
  6. Palliative Care: Palliative care focuses on relieving symptoms and improving quality of life for patients with advanced stomach cancer. This may include pain management, nutritional support, and other supportive care measures.

Treatment decisions are made based on the stage of the cancer, the location and size of the tumor, the patient’s overall health, and other factors. It’s essential for patients to discuss their options thoroughly with their healthcare team to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for their individual situation.

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