type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone necessary to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, typically diagnosed in children and young adults, although it can occur at any age.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can include:

  1. Excessive thirst
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Extreme hunger
  4. Unintended weight loss
  5. Fatigue and weakness
  6. Blurred vision
  7. Irritability and mood changes

People with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy to survive. Treatment aims to keep blood sugar levels within a target range to prevent complications. This often involves frequent blood sugar monitoring, insulin injections or insulin pump therapy, a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and careful management of other factors affecting blood sugar levels such as stress and illness.

While type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, ongoing research is being conducted to better understand its causes and develop potential preventive measures or a cure. Additionally, advancements in insulin delivery systems and glucose monitoring technologies have significantly improved the management of type 1 diabetes, allowing individuals to better control their blood sugar levels and live healthier lives.

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