type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of blood sugar (glucose) resulting from the body’s ineffective use of insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels by facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells for energy. In type 2 diabetes, the body either resists the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.

Several factors contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet (high in processed foods, sugars, and saturated fats), family history of diabetes, ethnicity (people of certain racial and ethnic backgrounds are at higher risk), and age (risk increases with age, particularly after age 45).

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include:

  1. Increased thirst
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Increased hunger
  4. Fatigue
  5. Blurred vision
  6. Slow-healing sores or frequent infections
  7. Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

Type 2 diabetes can lead to serious complications if not properly managed, including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, nerve damage, vision loss, and foot problems. However, with proper management, which often includes lifestyle changes (such as diet modification, regular exercise, weight loss, and blood sugar monitoring) and medication (such as oral medications or insulin therapy), many people with type 2 diabetes can effectively control their blood sugar levels and prevent or delay complications. Regular medical check-ups and monitoring are essential for managing type 2 diabetes effectively.

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