type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of blood sugar (glucose) resulting from insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. In type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or cells become resistant to the insulin that is produced, leading to an inability to properly regulate blood sugar levels.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include genetics, obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, advancing age, ethnicity, and a history of gestational diabetes. Symptoms may include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow wound healing. However, some people with type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms initially.

Management of type 2 diabetes typically involves lifestyle changes such as adopting a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight. In some cases, oral medications or insulin therapy may be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, as well as screening for complications such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, and nerve damage, is important for managing the condition effectively.

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