What are the symptoms of kidney cancer

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, may not cause symptoms in its early stages. However, as the cancer progresses, symptoms may develop. It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other, less serious conditions. If you experience any persistent symptoms, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Some common symptoms of kidney cancer include:

  1. Blood in the Urine (Hematuria): One of the most common signs of kidney cancer is blood in the urine, which may appear pink, red, or cola-colored. However, blood in the urine can also be caused by other conditions, such as urinary tract infections or kidney stones.
  2. Pain or Pressure in the Side or Back: Persistent pain or pressure in the side or back, below the ribs, that doesn’t go away can be a symptom of kidney cancer. This pain may not go away even with rest or over-the-counter pain medications.
  3. Lump or Mass in the Abdomen: Some people with kidney cancer may feel a lump or mass in the abdomen that can be felt during a physical examination.
  4. Unexplained Weight Loss: Significant and unexplained weight loss, without changes in diet or physical activity, can be a symptom of various types of cancer, including kidney cancer.
  5. Fatigue: Persistent fatigue or weakness, unrelated to physical exertion or lack of sleep, can be a symptom of advanced kidney cancer.
  6. Loss of Appetite: A sudden loss of appetite or feeling full even after eating small amounts of food may indicate kidney cancer.
  7. Anemia: Low red blood cell count (anemia) may occur if the cancer causes bleeding in the kidney.
  8. Swelling in the Legs or Ankles: Swelling in the legs or ankles, known as edema, may occur if the kidney cancer affects the flow of blood and fluids in the body.
  9. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Some people with kidney cancer may develop high blood pressure, although this is often a symptom of advanced disease.

It’s important to remember that these symptoms can be caused by conditions other than kidney cancer. However, if you experience persistent or severe symptoms, especially blood in the urine or unexplained pain, it’s essential to seek medical attention for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Early detection and treatment of kidney cancer can improve outcomes and increase the chances of successful treatment.

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