What are the symptoms of liver disease

Liver disease can manifest with a range of symptoms, depending on its cause, severity, and progression. Some common symptoms of liver disease include:

  1. Jaundice: Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes due to elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood.
  2. Fatigue: Persistent tiredness or weakness that doesn’t improve with rest.
  3. Abdominal pain or discomfort: Pain or discomfort in the upper right abdomen, where the liver is located. This pain may be dull and chronic or sharp and intermittent.
  4. Swelling in the abdomen: Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, known as ascites, can cause abdominal swelling and discomfort.
  5. Swelling in the legs and ankles: Fluid retention (edema) can lead to swelling in the lower extremities.
  6. Itching (pruritus): Generalized itching, often without a rash, can occur due to bile products accumulating in the skin.
  7. Dark urine: Urine may appear darker than usual, ranging from amber to brown, due to increased bilirubin levels.
  8. Pale or clay-colored stools: Stools may appear pale or clay-colored due to a lack of bilirubin reaching the intestines.
  9. Nausea and vomiting: Persistent nausea and vomiting may occur, especially in advanced liver disease.
  10. Loss of appetite: A decreased appetite or feeling full more quickly than usual.
  11. Easy bruising and bleeding: Liver dysfunction can impair blood clotting, leading to easy bruising and bleeding.
  12. Spider angiomas: Small spider-like blood vessels may appear on the skin, particularly on the upper body and face.
  13. Enlarged liver or spleen: The liver or spleen may become enlarged and palpable during a physical examination.
  14. Weakness and muscle wasting: Loss of muscle mass and weakness can occur, especially in advanced liver disease.

It’s important to note that liver disease can progress silently in its early stages without causing noticeable symptoms. Therefore, individuals at risk, such as those with a history of alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, or obesity, should undergo regular screening tests to detect liver disease early. If you experience any persistent or concerning symptoms suggestive of liver disease, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management.

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